GovernmentThe president is Mauricio Macri since the 10th of December 2015. He stands under center-right and intends to drive big reforms, especially economic ones. Up until now, the inflation has been reduced by half and the image of Argentina on the international scene has been restored; however, the elites’ corruption, the lowering of the oil exports, and the lack of competitiveness in the industry sector slow down this progress. On top of that, the country is split into 23 provinces that have very unequal resources and are quite independent in their administration. Therefore, the governors do not hesitate to go against the national directive in order to defend regional interests, facing the extreme centralization of economic and political powers that always favor Buenos Aires. This is the case for the last three centuries.
An important interruption in the modern democratic cycle has happened between 1976 and 1983 when General Videla’s military junta reigned. Dictatorship stopped in 1982 with the defeat of the Malouines’ war against England.
Voting is mandatory, only the minors between 16 and 18 years old who are allowed voting since 2012 are not obliged to vote. Politics is as popular as football in Argentina, and similar in the sense that rules exist and are set but no one actually respects them in the field. Corruption methods during campaigns are totally known by everyone and prevent from democracy’s expression. During a vote, it isn’t people’s voice that is heard, only the voice of the ones who scream the loudest. There is a structural opposition between people that depend on the state to work (3,5 million people according to the Argentinian government) and the workers from the private sector.